Sayf al-Din Khair Beygovernor of Egypt - 1517
Helped the Ottomans in restoring order in Syria, and was in fact, the sole ruler of Egypt, submitting to the Turkish sultan. Abkhazian Mamluk held the title of "al-Umar fry" - "King of the Mings." Hayr- Beck had his army, and the court was completely self-sufficient in the internal affairs of Egypt. He held a series of social reforms.